There’s no shortage of opportunities for registered nurses (RNs) who wish to complete a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree. A BSN offers a quick path to a higher salary, a greater degree of specialization, and the ability to move into managerial, administrative, and educational roles.
However, transitioning to a BSN isn’t bread and butter. It’s important to arm yourself with the right information before getting started.
Keep reading to learn more about RN to BSN program’s prerequisites, including all required coursework, exams, disciplines, and clinical hours.
Students who wish to pursue an RN to BSN bridge program or obtain their BSNs must complete the following objectives.
Note, that admission requirements for RN to BSN programs are subject to change based on school and state licensing requirements.
For a sample RN to BSN curriculum by Florida International University, visit Nursing (RN to BSN) at Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing and Health Sciences (NWCNHS)
All nursing programs require minimum criteria to be eligible for an RN to BSN program. These include general education courses.
BSN requirements include minimum scores on the SAT/ACT, college GPA anywhere from 2 to 3.25, and several years of math, science, and English.
Math could cover algebra I, algebra II, and geometry. Science could cover biology and chemistry.
Please refer to your nursing program’s prerequisite for an exact breakdown of all required general education courses.
Some schools require a set number of credits in the physical and life sciences, including one or more electives between physics, chemistry, biology, and the environmental sciences.
Be sure to refer to your school’s prerequisites for full details on what courses are required.
Becoming a registered nurse usually takes three years at an accredited college or university. However, accelerated RN programs cut the time to as little as 12 months. In either case, students must complete all coursework and pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX)
Traditional RN to BSN programs take anywhere from nine months to two years, depending on the school, program, and the number of undergraduate credits transferred. Online RN to BSN programs take anywhere from 12 to 24 months to complete and offer more flexibility to non-traditional students such as working parents.
Traditional BSN degrees require that students complete 120 credits. Depending on the school, these 120 credits could be split between transferable lower-division credits, nursing core curriculum, clinical hours, and human sciences courses revolving around human anatomy, microbiology, psychology, statistics, and ethics.
Please refer to each nursing schools’ BSN program for a more comprehensive look at the types of subjects and number of credits offered.
Yes, you must have your RN license to be admitted to a BSN program.
The good news is that RNs do not need to practice or spend time in the field to work towards a BSN. BSN curriculums have demanding clinical service hours, which allow you to obtain “on the field” job experience working and managing a small caseload alongside a supervising nurse.
Accredited BSN programs combine core offerings, elective courses, nursing classes, and clinical rotations.
In your first year, expect to see a lot of general education classes such as microbiology, nutrition, emergency care, nursing theory, and health assessment. These classes contribute to credit hours, with required credit hours varying by program.
All BSN programs require that RNs complete required prerequisite courses with an earned grade of their choice. These prerequisite courses focus on the human condition with a nod to psychology, biology, chemistry, anatomy, physiology, and human growth and development.
Here are program prerequisites for the University of Florida College of Nursing’s BSN program, accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE). All require an earned grade of C or higher.
A BSN degree ranges anywhere from $40,000 to $200,000, depending on the school, in-state versus out-of-state status, and whether or not it’s a traditional or accelerated program.
Expect the cheapest online RN to BSN programs in the country to cost as little as $105.07 per credit hour (University of South Florida), $116.16 per credit hour (Western Carolina University), or $116.52 per credit hour (Florida State College at Jacksonville).
Yes, there are many scholarships available for BSN students.
Here is a list of highly reputable scholarships. Please refer to each scholarship’s description page for eligibility requirements and deadlines.
Outside of the cost of tuition, BSN students pay for incidentals such as physical exams, vaccinations, criminal background checks, admissions testing fees, lab fees, and uniforms.
Yes, all BSN programs have a strict clinical component. The number of required clinical hours depends on the school and program. Typical BSN program clinical hours range from 300 to 700 hours, depending on the chosen specialty and the number/type of courses.
There are many reasons why RNs should work towards a BSN.
According to many students, BSN-prepared nurses enjoy better paternity outcomes, reduced deaths, and shorter lengths of stay for their patients. So don’t be surprised to see your favorite hospital require a BSN as a minimum requirement.
According to a 2020 ACCN survey, 41% of hospitals and facilities require new RN hires to hold BSNs. Additionally, BSNs are so revered that New York passed a 2017 law, “BSN in 10,” which requires all registered nurses to obtain their bachelor’s degree within ten years of becoming licensed.
BSNs earn considerably more than registered nurses. According to the 2020 National Nursing Workforce Survey, ADNs earn an average annual salary of $782,000 compared to $86,520 for BSDNs.
BSNs have an endless variety of opportunities and specializations. For example, BSN holders can become nurse anesthetists, who enjoy salaries upwards of $200,000 a year in areas with higher living costs.
Other nursing specialties for BSNs include the following:
Note, many of these specializations require a higher level of education than a BSN. For example, certified registered nurse anesthetists must first obtain a BSN and become a registered nurse before pursuing an MSN or a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) degree, followed by CRNA certification.
To offer a helpful comparison of pay grades between RNs and BSNs, see the February 2019 salary figures breakdown by ZipRecruiter, a leading job search engine.
|Average Salary by State||BSN RNs||All RNs|
The job outlook for BSNs has never been better. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics projects 9% annual percentage growth through 2030, making it one of the fastest-growing professionals in the country.
Additionally, many employees have demanded that RNs obtain BSNs without set periods. Some only look to hire BSNs outright, even with nursing shortages. Even a hospital or health clinic’s status is on the line.
For example, the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC)’s coveted magnet designation requires 80% of all nursing faculty (non-admin) and 100% of nursing administrators to have a BSN or higher degree.
Are there any special tests or exams you must pass before becoming a BSN?
Yes, all RN to BSN students must pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) to obtain a BSN degree. It allows nursing students to practice their craft in the United States, Canada, and Australia.
The NCLEX covers many subjects, including medical, pediatric, psychiatric, obstetric, and surgical topics.
See a breakdown of the eight nursing subfields covered by the NCLEX exam, along with covered subject areas.
This section covers topics like Advanced Directives, Advocacy, Case Management, Client Rights, Concepts of Management, Confidentiality, Continuity of Care, Quality Improvement, Delegation, Establishing Priorities, Ethical Practice, Informed Consent, Legal Responsibilities, Referrals, and Supervision.
This section tests your knowledge of the following: Adverse Effects, Contraindications, Blood and Blood Products, Central Venous Access Devices, Chemotherapy, Expected Effects, Intravenous Therapy, Medication Administration, Pharmacological Pain Management, Total Parenteral Nutrition, and Dosage Calculations.
This section covers concepts like Alterations in the Body Systems, Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances, Hemodynamics, Medical Emergencies, Pathophysiology, and Unexpected Response to Therapies.
This section covers Diagnostic Tests, Laboratory Values, Potential for Complications from Surgical Procedures, and Health Alterations and Therapeutic Procedures.
This section covers Accident Prevention, Error Prevention, Hazardous Materials, Surgical Asepsis, Standard Precautions, and Use of Restraints.
This section covers topics like Aging Process, Ante/Intra/Postpartum and Newborn Care, Developmental Stages and Transitions, Disease Prevention, Health Screening, Lifestyle Choices, Physical Assessment Techniques, Health Promotion Programs, High-Risk Behaviors, and Self-Care.
This section covers concepts like Coping Mechanisms, Grief and Loss, Mental Health Concepts, Spiritual Influence on Health, Sensory/Perceptual Alterations, Stress Management, Support Systems, Therapeutic Communication, Chemical Dependency, Behavioral Interventions, Crisis Intervention, Coping Mechanisms, End of Life Care, and Family Dynamics.
This section covers concepts like Assistive Devices, Elimination, Mobility, Nonpharmacological Comfort Interventions, Nutrition, Oral Hydration, Personal Hygiene, and Rest and Sleep.
All in all, RN to BSN programs test a nursing students’ mettle in general education courses, electives, nursing courses, and a set number of clinical hours out in the field.
In exchange for a very rigorous program through a traditional four-year or accelerated program, nursing students have the opportunity to enter a rewarding profession with a higher than average salary and the ability to change their life for the better, personally and professionally.
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